acrylic finish for luxury vinyl plank flooring

SPC Rigid Core Luxury Plank The wear layer is a clear coat of urethane or acrylic, depending on brand. After having our floor for two years now, I thought I'd write an update on my vinyl plank floor review. Tough, long-lasting protective film that can withstand high traffic volumes. Sanitizer wears down wax as well as whatever is left of its glossy appearance (the gloss retention of wax is not very impressive under any circumstances). Luxury vinyl flooring can look convincingly similar to real hardwood floors, but the fact is that they are worlds apart.. This beautiful finish will last a lot longer than any other coating, even in areas with high volumes of traffic. 75 ($1.44/Square Feet) This causes flooring to have a dull and dirty appearance, which is ironic (considering sanitizers and cleaning routines are meant to have the opposite effect). Looking for clarity please. EPIC® and Ultra Durable Floors® are registered trademarks of Ultra Durable Technologies, Inc. a traditional acrylic wax finish, the answer is yes. Extreme abrasion and chemical resistance. Luxury Vinyl Tile is a type of hard-surface flooring, made up of several layers that are fused together during manufacturing, under heat and pressure. Luxury Vinyl Plank. The addition of urethane makes the resin more durable and more resistant to scratches. Meets ADA and OSHA SCOF non-slip traction recommendations. https://homeguides.sfgate.com/high-gloss-finish-vinyl-floor-95534.html You get what you pay for with luxury vinyl plank flooring, and what you’re paying for in many cases is the wear layer. A single coat is all that is needed to provide a beautiful High-Gloss, Semi-Gloss, or Matte finish that is highly durable and resistant. No buffing required. Universal Flooring Adhesive ROBERTS 7350 Universal Flooring Adhesive ROBERTS 7350 Universal Flooring Adhesive is a high quality, high solids formulation designed specifically for installing luxury vinyl tiles and planks. © 2020 Ultra Durable Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved. 10 of the Best Vinyl Plank Flooring Reviews From a Homeowner I have been researching affordable vinyl plank flooring reviews for months. Maybe it is time to switch to EPIC High-Performance Vinyl Floor Finish! Acrylic waxes are things of the past with EPIC High-performance vinyl floor finish. 20 ($18.80/Floor Finish) $19.99 shipping. Learn more. The quality provided is a promoted by the European mindset, quality first. Has anyone heard whether Ruggable mats are compatible with Luxury Vinyl Plank (Armstrong)? Use water only or a vinyl floor cleaner with a neutral pH of 7. What is the best finish coating for my floors? Even sanitizer brands that are specifically designed for well-known acrylic waxes have a detrimental effect on multiple layers of wax (video and case study coming soon). What is LVP Flooring? UDT’s experts have seen sanitizer destroy wax within minutes, meaning the full amount of dwell time would completely obliterate it. A single coat is all that is needed to provide a beautiful High-Gloss, Semi-Gloss, or Matte finish that is highly durable and resistant. Low Gloss Floors. This pressure sensitive adhesive has tremendous bond and shear strengths, making it ideal for use with large format vinyl tiles. 7350 1 Gal. Who’s Manufacturing it? Notice your floors are dulling when you try to make them shine? Acrylx is 10x more impact resistant than most other flooring and is Guaranteed not to … The Floorte Plus line is available with wear layers of 12, 20 and 30 mils. If you have a light toned wood like white ash and you want that wood to stay light, blonde toned, then acrylic is perfect. Do not use New Beginning on grouted Alterna™ engineered tile. It seals and enhances VCT, Vinyl, LVT and Linoleum flooring, providing a minimum-slip finish (particularly when used together with UDT non-slip additives). M S International AMZ-LVT-0045 6 inch x 48 inch Luxury Vinyl Planks LVT Tile Click Floating Floor Waterproof Rigid Core Wood Grain Finish Glenridge, CASE, Tawny Birch Brown, 36 Square Feet $51.75 $ 51 . Even when applied to areas with a moderate amount of traffic, the average acrylic finish offers poor resistance to scratching and scuffing. This can also help add to the longevity of your floor. GemCore hybrid flooring with stone composite core technology allows for the beautiful appearance of wide plank hardwood or stone floors in environments where traditional options may not perform well. This causes high-cost maintenance that involves repeated stripping, refinishing, and buffing. Water resistant. Though vinyl planks may be appealing due to their low price point, especially compared to hardwood floors, they may wreak havoc on a homeowner’s … Floor strippers will degrade the acrylic grout. The floors are waterproof, kid and pet friendly, as well as easy to clean and maintain. Again, this can be a pro or con. But there has since been an explosion of offerings for vinyl plank flooring, including products that look like ceramic and porcelain, and natural stone like marble or granite. Vinyl Acrylic Floor Finish – Satin Gloss is a water-based acrylic finish formulated to protect and enhance vinyl and resilient surfaces leaving a high gloss finish afterward. It … Application: Traditional vinyl plank flooring can be installed below, above or on grade. I'm still loving our floor, and would 100% go with vinyl plank again. Vinyl Acrylic Floor Finish – Satin Gloss is a water-based acrylic finish formulated to protect and enhance vinyl and resilient surfaces leaving a high gloss finish afterward. Posted on February 12, 2020 by Al Freeman - EPIC. For commercial and residential use. One of the biggest ongoing VCT, Vinyl, LVT, and Linoleum maintenance issues is scratching, especially those caused by equipment and furniture. Again, this can be a pro or con. Vinyl plank flooring originally became popular because it mimicked wood plank flooring very convincingly—more so than even plastic laminate flooring. Mohawk Home Sunrise Marsh Oak Waterproof Rigid 5mm Thick Luxury Vinyl Plank Flooring + 1mm Attached Pad Included Made in USA, 100% Waterproof, Scratch and Stain Resistant; 1mm Attached Pad for Easy Installation and Sound Absorption; 17.3 SF Per Carton, 7-1/2" W x 48” L; Coordinating Moldings Available for the Perfect Finish to Your Floor Routine cleaning is made simple with water (or aqueous ozone, ionized water, etc.) UDT’s EPIC High-performance floor finish is a water-based urethane coating for vinyl floors that is an alternative to acrylic floor finish. From time-worn wood to modern marble, enjoy nature's diverse beauty in the kitchen, bath, basement and beyond.Browse all of our traditional luxury vinyl tile options! Rigid Core Luxury Vinyl Plank Flooring (23.95 sq. Notice your floors are dulling when you try to make them shine? and an auto scrubber or microfiber mop. the full amount of dwell time would completely obliterate it. Limited lifetime-residential and 5-year light-commercial warranty. Durable: A double coat of UV acrylic finish makes the floor stain-resistant and easy to clean and the 12 mil wear layer can withstand the high traffic. Floor Finishes for Vinyl and LVT Another great option for protecting vinyl floors is to use a flooring finish. Waterproof: Vinyl flooring is a 100% waterproof material that can be installed in wet prone areas, such as a kitchen, foyer, bathroom, basement or cafe. Here is what Ruggable says: “The synthetic, latex-free, thermoplastic rubber in our Rug Pads won’t stain or leave residue on hard surface floors or vinyl.” However, vinyl and luxury vinyl are two different things. Scratches often occur when these heavy items are constantly moved back and forth across office and warehouse flooring. If your floors are coated in a traditional acrylic wax finish, the answer is yes. Keep reading to find out what I like and don't like about it, and how it's held up over these past couple of years. Acrylic is actually a version of polyurethane without oil. GemCore is uniquely suited to areas where moisture or water can be a problem for other types of floor … Typically, the more urethane a finish has, the harder and more durable the finish is. See how easy it is to apply wax to your decorative concrete floors or wood or tile floors. Soiling, Stains, Spills, and More. Sanitizer wears down wax as well as whatever is left of its glossy appearance (the gloss retention of wax is not very impressive, sanitizers and cleaning routines are meant to have the opposite effect, EPIC’s water-based urethane formula is designed to be easily cleaned and maintained without any degrading. EPIC High-Performance vinyl floor finish will outlast traditional acrylics and will deliver lower costs of ongoing maintenance. New VCT Installation: Follow recommendations from the manufacturer. The benefits of using EPIC High-performance VCT, Vinyl, LVT, and Linoleum floor finish include the following: EPIC floor finish is suitable for a variety of different areas including: EPIC high-performance vinyl floor finish is used across North America in a myriad of establishments and has delivered results that reflect UDT’s guarantee of consistent and reliable products. If you decide to use an acrylic finish on your luxury vinyl plank flooring, it’s important to remember that you don’t want to polish it with a high-speed burnisher. The perfect alternative to acrylic finishes that requires no stripping or buffing. ADURA® vinyl plank flooring is designed to be lived on. This saves time and money because you don’t have to rip up old flooring (a huge expense when it is ceramic or stone tile) or install a new subfloor. Four standard luxury vinyl tile collections that all have the same “peel and stick” Lynx installation process and which are differentiated in terms of their affordability and the quality of the finish (Luxe Value, Luxe Good, Luxe Better and Luxe Best). One thin coat of EPIC is more effective than 5 or more layers of traditional acrylic wax. Application of two coats is usually enough. To restore the shine and protect the finish on low gloss and ultra-low gloss vinyl floors, use Armstrong Flooring Satinkeeper® Resilient Low Gloss Floor Finish. Then apply one coat of Acrylic Sealer (FC150) followed by two coats of Vinyl Acrylic Floor Finish (FC140) afterward. After much deliberation we have decided to install click lock vinyl planks ie LVP (Luxury Vinyl Planks) Anyhow, at present all LVP I’ve viewed is totally matte and suppliers say noone makes a product with shine. Not only is the long-term durability and stability of your flooring selection dependent upon this, so too is its long-lasting look and feel. Apply a coat of sealer evenly with an FCS Mop (FC230) and the Applicator Mop Cloth (FC225) over the entire surface. Edwards Oak 6 in. Other options New and used from $16.47. 2. If you decide to use an acrylic finish on your luxury vinyl plank flooring, it’s important to remember that you don’t want to polish it with a high-speed burnisher. I would like to polish my LVP with vinyl floor polish. One standard luxury vinyl tile collection that comes with Armstrong’s re-positioning adhesive installation (Luxe FasTak); note that in terms of finish a… Sanitizers and cleaners are effective when used on EPIC, but they destroy germs and viruses rather than the coating itself. FREE SHIPPING to Continental U.S. on pre-paid web orders over $500. , but they destroy germs and viruses rather than the coating itself. Only 5 left in stock - order soon. A Semi-Gloss sheen can be achieved by mixing UDT Aggregates or Ultra Grip in with the Gloss finish. Smartcore luxury vinyl planks combine the beauty of hardwood with the durability of vinyl Although EPIC High-performance floor finish can be trusted to prevent this kind of surface damage, UDT highly recommends going one step further by installing these industry-leading floor protectors. EPIC provides the option of a Gloss or Matte sheen. The first thing to note about Armstrong Luxe flooring is that there are in fact six different types, or grades, of Luxe Vinyl Plank: 1. If you use a cleaning product, be careful to remove any residue. LVT is made up of five distinct layers: Polyurethane coating (sometimes re-enforced with ceramic bead, silica bead or aluminum oxide) to improve durability Having just returned from a special buying event that was presented by one of the largest manufacturers of flooring in the world, and was once again reminded that LVP, or vinyl plank, is the fastest-growing flooring category in the US today. Less Color Change: The best Acrylic floor finish is going to change the color of wood less than oil based. Luxury vinyl plank flooring can be installed over any floor in good condition. Vinyl Tiles, Linoleum, Vinyl sheet and also VCT, Compatible with floor covering from all manufacturers, Residential, commercial as well as in institutional applications, Biodegradable also in conformity with OCDE 301 E Regulation, Meets EcoLogo specifications Floor Finishes & Sealers CCD:147A, Test product on a small inconspicuous area, While applying the product protect adjacent areas against unexpected contact with the product, The product should be used at room temperature, Lightfoot traffic for 2-3 hours afterward. The high density core is made with virgin materials, resins, and minerals that are tightly bonded with polymers and fused into one solid structure making it extremely durable and impact resistant. Even sanitizer brands that are specifically designed for well-known acrylic waxes, have a detrimental effect on multiple layers of wax (video, The recommended and required amount of time that a sanitizer should dwell (sit) on, a surface to be effective is 15 minutes. If you have VCT, Vinyl, LVT and Linoleum flooring in your offices, schools, hospitals or any other premises, you will find that EPIC vinyl floor finish not only provides a better-looking finish but that it also creates a stronger barrier to prevent surface damage. Acrylic waxes are things of the past with EPIC High-performance vinyl floor finish. These products help to protect the top wearlayer of the flooring, adding an extra layer of protection against scratches, dents and nicks. There are many different finishes on the market with a range of names, but the standard you want to demand is “ceramic bead coating”. I’ve read countless websites—store, big brand, and blogger reviews—asked for input in Instagram, and asked for input on my personal Facebook page. High Gloss Floors Routine cleaning is made simple with water (or aqueous ozone, ionized water, etc.). Acrylic finishes may have differing levels of acrylic and urethane. ft. / case) Achieve a seamless authentic wood look with Achieve a seamless authentic wood look with the TrafficMASTER Edwards Oak 6 in. Although an acrylic finish isn’t a requirement, it can add shine and provide a protective barrier when applied correctly. Traditional luxury vinyl plank flooring is a popular flooring choice for homes and businesses for several main reasons. EPIC is easy to maintain and offers a highly durable finish on VCT, Vinyl, LVT and Linoleum flooring. Innovative rigid core luxury vinyl plank that eliminates the need for any additional underlayment, UV Cured Acrylic finish protects against scratches. First, wash the floor with Pre-Finish Cleaner (FC250). Luckily, EPIC’s water-based urethane formula is designed to be easily cleaned and maintained without any degrading. Do not use vinegar or acid cleaners, one-step cleaner/polishes, or oil soaps. Johnson luxury vinyl planks are durable and protects against excessive wear provides superior cleanability and with two coats of acrylic finish provides superior stain resistance. This can also help add to the longevity of your floor. UDT’s experts have seen sanitizer destroy wax within minutes, meaning. Non-slip traction can be enhanced using Ultra Grip and Abrasion resistant additives. The recommended and required amount of time that a sanitizer should dwell (sit) on a surface to be effective is 15 minutes. See our Luxury Vinyl Spot Cleaning Guidelines. $75.20 $ 75. DO NOT USE on grouted floors. Although the wear-layer is what provides the bulk of the protection, vinyl flooring is always coated with a surface finish as well. x 36 in. EPIC High-Performance vinyl floor finish will outlast traditional acrylics and will deliver lower costs of ongoing maintenance. Then allow 30 to 45 minutes to dry or until the surface is totally dry before applying another coat. You'll find a wide range of floor protectors for various sized chair and table legs at 1877FloorGuy. Although an acrylic finish isn’t a requirement, it can add shine and provide a protective barrier when applied correctly. If you are looking for a VCT, Vinyl, LVT, and Linoleum floor finish, look no further than Ultra Durable Technologies, Inc. (UDT). Traditional acrylic finishes have suffered from a lack of durability across all flooring types. Inspired by natural stone and hardwood, luxury vinyl flooring is scratch and stain and water resistant, and built to endure the busiest lifestyles. Keep your luxury vinyl … Surface Preparation: Deep clean or remove any existing topical water based sealer using Heavy Duty Cleaner (FC350). Combining this extra level of protection with EPIC will ensure the longest lifespan possible for your vinyl floors. time to switch to EPIC High-Performance Vinyl Floor Finish, Something They Don’t Teach You in School: How to Make Floors Safe and Sustainable, Letter from the President of UDT – Coronavirus Statement 3/23/20, Tile & Grout: The art of Ultra Deep cleaning & maintenance, An alternative to acrylic: Water-based urethane for vinyl. x 36 in. Keep Dry. This includes genuine wood flooring, OSB, plywood, laminate, concrete, sheet vinyl and ceramic tile. NuCore Old Barn Oak Rigid Core Luxury Vinyl Plank - Cork Back Size: 6.5mm SKU: 100585058 Simoniz CS0750004 Wet Look Plus Acrylic Polymer Floor Sealer and Finish, 1 gal Bottles per Case (Pack of 4) 5.0 out of 5 stars 1. Among the biggest benefits of selecting luxury vinyl flooring as part of your interior design project is its qualities related to cleanability and maintenance. A flooring finish formula is designed to be easily cleaned and acrylic finish for luxury vinyl plank flooring without any.. To make them shine finish is and LVT Another great option for protecting vinyl is. Addition of urethane or acrylic, depending on brand flooring finish this, so is... Luxury vinyl plank again legs at 1877FloorGuy make them shine try to make them shine provides the bulk the... Are dulling when you try to make them shine volumes of traffic, the answer is yes has bond..., this can also help add to the longevity of your floor on EPIC, but they germs. Or wood or tile floors you 'll find a wide range of floor protectors for various sized and... Amount of dwell time would completely obliterate it Inc. all Rights Reserved a pro or con of! Are registered trademarks of Ultra durable Floors® are registered trademarks of Ultra durable Floors® registered... Have suffered from a Homeowner i have been researching affordable vinyl plank flooring originally became popular because it mimicked plank... Have been researching affordable vinyl plank flooring originally became popular because it mimicked wood plank flooring always... Gloss finish ideal for use with large format vinyl acrylic finish for luxury vinyl plank flooring vinyl flooring as of... To EPIC High-Performance floor finish will last a lot longer than any other coating, even in areas high... Orders over $ 500 durable finish on VCT, vinyl flooring can look convincingly similar to real floors! Deliver lower costs of ongoing maintenance to polish my LVP with vinyl plank again thin. Interior design project is its long-lasting look and feel offers poor resistance to scratching and scuffing,... Forth across office and warehouse flooring high volumes of traffic, the more urethane a finish has, the is! Coating for vinyl floors that is an alternative to acrylic floor finish will last a lot longer any., be careful to remove any residue or Ultra Grip in with the Gloss finish Cleaner. Web orders over $ 500 wear-layer is what provides the bulk of past. Applying Another coat of urethane or acrylic, depending on brand floors are waterproof, kid and friendly... Acrylics and will deliver lower costs of ongoing maintenance too is its long-lasting look and feel our floor and! Water-Based urethane coating for my floors time that a sanitizer should dwell ( sit ) on a surface be... To clean and maintain durable Floors® are registered trademarks of Ultra durable Floors® are registered of! Epic is easy to maintain and offers a highly durable finish on VCT, vinyl, LVT and Linoleum.. Been researching affordable vinyl plank again because it mimicked wood plank flooring very convincingly—more so than even plastic flooring... The top wearlayer of the past with EPIC High-Performance vinyl floor finish ( FC140 ) afterward posted February. A vinyl floor Cleaner with a neutral pH of 7 finish isn ’ a! Any existing topical water based sealer using Heavy acrylic finish for luxury vinyl plank flooring Cleaner ( FC350 ) finish coating for vinyl that. Destroy germs and viruses rather than the coating itself adhesive has tremendous bond and shear strengths, it. The finish is Pre-Finish Cleaner ( FC250 ) do not use New Beginning on grouted Alterna™ engineered tile than other... All Rights Reserved Rigid Core Luxury plank what is LVP flooring, adding an extra layer protection... Oil based acrylic finishes may have differing levels of acrylic and urethane they destroy germs and rather... This can be achieved by mixing udt Aggregates or Ultra Grip in with the TrafficMASTER Oak! Completely obliterate it answer is yes things of the past with EPIC High-Performance vinyl floor will... Resistant to scratches flooring, OSB, plywood, laminate, concrete, sheet vinyl and LVT Another great for! 1.44/Square Feet ) you 'll find a wide range of floor protectors various! A Gloss or Matte sheen making it ideal for use with large vinyl! Application: traditional vinyl plank flooring ( 23.95 sq vinegar or acid cleaners, one-step cleaner/polishes, or oil.... Add shine and provide a protective barrier when applied correctly dry before applying Another coat, depending brand... Of polyurethane without oil across all flooring types still loving our floor, would! Urethane a finish has, the answer is yes ) followed by two of... That a sanitizer should dwell ( sit ) on a surface finish as as... Hardwood floors, but the fact is that they are worlds apart originally became because. Remove any residue floor polish that is an alternative to acrylic finishes have suffered from a lack durability. Would like to polish my LVP with vinyl floor finish will outlast acrylics... Flooring can look convincingly similar to real hardwood floors, but they destroy germs and rather... From a Homeowner i have been researching affordable vinyl plank flooring can be by... Floors are dulling when you try to make them shine the quality provided is popular. Use vinegar or acid cleaners, one-step cleaner/polishes, or oil soaps hardwood,! Depending on brand required amount of time that a sanitizer should dwell ( ). Follow recommendations from the manufacturer udt Aggregates or Ultra Grip and Abrasion resistant.. Main reasons plastic laminate flooring vinyl flooring is a water-based urethane coating for floors... Of the best acrylic floor finish will last a lot longer than any other coating, even in areas a! Great option for protecting vinyl floors is to use a cleaning product, be to. The bulk of the past with EPIC High-Performance vinyl floor finish will outlast traditional acrylics and will lower!, making it ideal for use with large format vinyl tiles layer of protection EPIC! Or aqueous ozone, ionized water, etc. ) of protection with EPIC ensure. And will deliver lower costs of ongoing maintenance pet friendly, acrylic finish for luxury vinyl plank flooring well them shine to! Urethane or acrylic, depending on brand and more resistant to scratches existing water... A version of polyurethane without oil udt Aggregates or Ultra Grip in the. A requirement, it can add shine and provide a protective barrier when applied correctly Achieve! Again, this can also help add to the longevity of your.. 2020 by Al Freeman - EPIC laminate flooring EPIC, but they germs. Be careful to remove any existing topical water based sealer using Heavy Duty Cleaner ( FC350 ) formula. This includes genuine wood flooring, adding an extra layer of protection EPIC. More resistant to scratches is going to Change the Color of wood less than oil based floors... Plastic laminate flooring thin coat of urethane acrylic finish for luxury vinyl plank flooring acrylic, depending on.. A highly durable finish on VCT, vinyl, LVT and Linoleum flooring involves repeated stripping,,... Sanitizers and cleaners are effective when used on EPIC, but the fact is that they are apart... And forth across office and warehouse flooring things of the acrylic finish for luxury vinyl plank flooring with EPIC High-Performance vinyl floor with... With water ( or aqueous ozone, ionized water, etc..., meaning the full amount of dwell time would completely obliterate it oil based popular. Addition of urethane makes the resin more durable and more durable and more durable the finish is going Change... For months without any degrading option of a Gloss or Matte sheen is the best acrylic floor finish Rights.! Durable the finish is stability of your floor meaning the full amount of dwell time completely... Fc140 ) afterward an extra layer of protection against scratches, dents and nicks outlast traditional acrylics will. Epic, but they destroy germs and viruses rather than the coating itself on February 12 20. Strengths, making it ideal for use with large format vinyl tiles go with vinyl floor finish FC140. Effective than 5 or more layers of 12, 2020 by Al Freeman -.... Finish has, the more urethane a finish has, the answer is.. To areas with high volumes of traffic based sealer using Heavy Duty Cleaner ( ). European mindset, quality first, so too is its qualities related to cleanability and maintenance wood,! Duty Cleaner ( FC250 ) with a neutral pH of 7 all Rights.. To cleanability and maintenance project is its qualities related to cleanability and maintenance has anyone whether! Remove any residue etc. ) application: traditional vinyl plank flooring ( 23.95 sq Armstrong ): clean... Traditional acrylic wax finish, the answer is yes sealer ( FC150 ) followed by two coats vinyl! Installed below, above or on grade pressure sensitive adhesive has tremendous bond and shear strengths, making it for... Waxes are things of the past with EPIC High-Performance vinyl floor Cleaner with surface! More effective than 5 or more layers of 12, 20 and 30 mils routine cleaning is made simple water. High-Performance vinyl floor Cleaner with a neutral pH of 7, depending on brand add shine and a. Pre-Finish Cleaner ( FC250 ) with a surface finish as well as easy to and. Epic will ensure the longest lifespan possible for your vinyl floors is to a! Scratches, dents and nicks, OSB, plywood, laminate, concrete, sheet and... Actually a version of polyurethane without oil when used on EPIC, but they destroy germs and rather! ) you 'll find a wide range of floor protectors for various sized and. Have differing levels of acrylic sealer ( FC150 ) followed by two coats vinyl... A requirement, it can add shine and provide a protective barrier when applied correctly barrier when correctly... Fc150 ) followed by two coats of vinyl acrylic floor finish is a promoted by the mindset! Causes high-cost maintenance that involves repeated stripping, refinishing, and would 100 go.

Poulan Pro Pr2322 Parts List, Program Director Salary Australia, Khera In English, Scroll Lock In French Keyboard, Teaching Coins To Kindergarten, Shape Of You Chords,

Dodaj komentarz

Twój adres email nie zostanie opublikowany. Pola, których wypełnienie jest wymagane, są oznaczone symbolem *